Salina Turda în imagini pe Vals 2 Shostakovici. Cine a fost el? Ne spune Wiki.
sursa: wikipedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dmitri_Shostakovich
The family moved to Moscow in spring 1943. At the time of the Eighth Symphony‘s premiere, the tide had turned for the Red Army. As a consequence, the public, and most importantly the authorities, wanted another triumphant piece from the composer. Instead, they got the Eighth Symphony, perhaps the ultimate in sombre and violent expression in Shostakovich’s output. In order to preserve Shostakovich’s image (a vital bridge to the people of the Union and to the West), the government assigned the name „Stalingrad” to the symphony, giving it the appearance of mourning of the dead in the bloody Battle of Stalingrad. But the piece did not escape criticism. Its composer is reported to have said: „When the Eighth was performed, it was openly declared counter-revolutionary and anti-Soviet. They said, ‘Why did Shostakovich write an optimistic symphony at the beginning of the war and a tragic one now? At the beginning, we were retreating and now we’re attacking, destroying the Fascists. And Shostakovich is acting tragic, that means he’s on the side of the fascists.'” The work was unofficially but effectively banned until 1956.
In 1948, Shostakovich, along with many other composers, was again denounced for formalism in the Zhdanov decree. Andrei Zhdanov, Chairman of the RSFSR Supreme Soviet, accused the composers (including Sergei Prokofiev and Aram Khachaturian) of writing inappropriate and formalist music. This was part of an ongoing anti-formalism campaign intended to root out all Western compositional influence as well as any perceived „non-Russian” output. The conference resulted in the publication of the Central Committee’s Decree „On V. Muradeli’s opera The Great Friendship„, which targeted all Soviet composers and demanded that they write only „proletarian” music, or music for the masses. The accused composers, including Shostakovich, were summoned to make public apologies in front of the committee. Most of Shostakovich’s works were banned, and his family had privileges withdrawn. Yuri Lyubimov says that at this time „he waited for his arrest at night out on the landing by the lift, so that at least his family wouldn’t be disturbed.”